Ancient Bengal was the seat of Buddhism. During the Mauryan period, Pundrobhordhon, corresponding northern Bengal, was the seat of culture and political activities; and in the third century B.C. both of Buddhism and Jainism were prevalent in northern Bengal. This Buddhist tradition continued for centuries up to the end of the Pala period.The period was marked by the establishment of some Buddhist colleges and universities, the remains of one of which still can be found at Paharpur. From the twelfth century, under royal patronage of the Sena rulers, there was the revival of Brahmanical Hinduism; and because of the introduction of Kulinism and torture on the Buddhists and Yogis, the path was made ready for the spread of Islam from the thirteenth century onward. With the elapse of time, Shoktism became very prominent in Bengal; and from the end of the fifteenth century, Vaishnavism also grew to be popular under the leadership of Shri Chaitanya. Centuries after the demise of Chaitanya, Bhoktibedantoshami Prabhupada made Bengal's Vaishnavism a factor of Krishna consciousness all over the world. There are many bhajans (devotional prayers to Bhagoban, Supreme Personality of Krishno, and his devotees), which are written in Bengali language.
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Culture of Bengal
Culture of Festival
he two Eids, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha are the largest festivals in Bangladesh. Durga Puja in October is the most popular festival in the West Bengal. Pohela Boishakh (the Bengali New Year), Roth jatra, Dol jatra or Bashonto Utshob, Nobanno, Poush porbon (festival of Poush), Kali puja, Lokshmi puja are other major festivals.